Statutory instruments

These are rules and regulations for the Industry agreed between the employers and employees and embodied in the collective bargaining agreement (CBA) which is registered and promulgated by the Minister responsible for labour, i.e. Statutory Instrument 174 of 2012; which is the Collective Bargaining (principal) Agreement for the Printing, Packaging and Newspaper Industry.

Industrial inspections

The main purpose of industrial inspections is to ensure peace and social justice by preventing unfair work practices, work-related accidents, or occupational illness, and by working in collaboration with employer and employee organizations. The Designated Agent is mandated to ensure effective compliance and enforcement of the legal requirements within its authorized scope through industrial inspections. To achieve this goal, the Designated Agent encourages, promotes, informs, educates, persuades, influences, and ultimately enforces the law where necessary.


Training is a planned and systematic process that aims to provide employees/managers with the knowledge and skills required to perform in the world of work and prepare them to achieve their organization’s mission, vision, and goals. This includes Workers Committee and Management training. NEC provides training and labour briefings to both management representatives and workers’ committee members. The Council has in place an Industrial Audit Committee that comprises representatives for the employers as well as the employees’ organizations and the Secretariat which identifies training needs and facilitates training through workshops for the Industry, Councillors and Secretariat.

Conciliation & arbitration

Conciliation follows the procedure where parties are invited to appear before a conciliator who is the Designated Agent (DA). In the event that parties reach a settlement, a certificate of settlement is issued. However, if parties fail to reach a settlement a certificate of no settlement is issued and the conciliator requests that parties to a dispute submit heads of arguments which are used to come up with an award.

Collective bargaining negotiations

Collective Bargaining Negotiation is a process that covers all negotiations which take place between the employers’ organizations, which is FMPZ on the one side, and the trade union which is ZGWU on the other side. The Labour Act [Chapter 28:01] does not define the term collective bargaining. Under section 2 the term Collective Bargaining Agreement (CBA) is defined as an agreement negotiated in accordance with the Act which regulates the terms and conditions of employment of employees. Put, collective bargaining is a process whereby employers and employees through their representatives collectively seek to reconcile their conflicting interests by way of mutual accommodation. The Council and its Committees are mandated by law to carry out Collective Bargaining.